What is Dialectical Behavioral Therapy or DBT?
Dialectical Behavioral Therapy consists of four main groups:
- Emotion Regulation
- Distress Tolerance
- Interpersonal Effectiveness
Each part of the process is broken down into separate modules at LifeSync Malibu. We spend time individually and in group sessions with each client to make sure that they understand the salient features of each component and allow them to practice the application of these components in real-world scenarios.
Our four-week program allows every client to go into a detailed study on how to employ and practice these four principles. The tools that clients learn when they get treatment at LifeSync Malibu Healing Center, allow the client space and time to heal so they can stay sober.
Today everybody is talking about mindfulness. It is very popular and a lot of people use this practice as a part of their personal meditation. In treatment, a lot of times clients behavior is very instinctual: “I am going to use a substance” or, “I am going to get this” or, “I am doing that”. The clients themselves are often not aware of what is driving the behavior from a physical, emotional, or mental standpoint. Moreover, they are often surprised to find out why they are acting or behaving in certain ways. When we teach mindfulness at LifeSync Malibu, we utilize mindfulness to slow people down and allow them the space to become aware of what is going on inside each individual’s mind and as a result in give them space to make a decision on what kind of reaction or action the client will take in any given situation. For example, a client gets into an argument with a spouse or family member. Their feelings are hurt. They become angry. Then before they know it, they become fixated on drinking or using drugs. In many cases, the awareness of the emotional milieu is completely hidden, and the client simply remembers having a bad interaction with a close personal relationship and immediately wanting to use.
When mindfulness techniques are employed in situations such as these, we work closely with the client ad allow them to unpack what just happened. In this example, the client had a bad interaction with a close personal relationship. As a result, they became angry, they became fearful, they became sad, they began to feel shame, guilt and emotional pain. None of these emotions were very comfortable and, in the past, the client would use substances in order to numb the feelings or get through them. In our program we allow each client to experience the space between the interaction and the emotion. This allows the individual to disarticulate the need to use substances to circumvent or avoid painful or distressing emotions or thoughts. It is the beginning of empowerment and clients respond well to this when they feel empowered to make a change and to not have to stick with the same old routine of trigger and relapse, trigger and relapse, trigger and relapse.
This is the third component of dialectical behavioral therapy. Distress tolerance is very, very helpful in addressing crises. Whether this is an emotional crisis, physical crisis, or some other crisis, distress tolerance is a way to safely navigate through a traumatic or disturbing event and move forward in a healthy and sane way. In essence, this technique allows people to tolerate short-term or long-term pain and utilizes the other components of the dialectic behavioral therapeutic module to get through tough times.
As stated above in the mindfulness paragraph, the difficult emotional interaction that our client was experiencing was significantly improved by the utilization of these techniques and now, instead of having a family member who is hostile and can negatively affect the persons recovery, this family member is a big support for them and helps keep this client in recovery.
In short, LifeSync Malibu Healing Center utilizes dialectical behavioral therapy in order to help our clients stay sober and have better recovery. By using these techniques, and we have found that many of our clients feel much more comfortable in social settings and are much more stable overall. It is an effective and meaningful tool in the recovery process.